Material retrieved from http://mycustomessays.co.uk/
The word “essay” came into Russian language from French and historically comes from the Latin word exagium (weighing). French “EA” can literally translate words, experience, test, try, sketch, sketch.
An essay is a prose composition a small volume and free composition, expressing individual experiences and views on a particular subject or issue, and certainly not claiming to be decisive or exhaustive treatment of the subject.
The”Explanatory dictionary of foreign words” L. P. Rat it is defined as “an essay treats any problems not in systematic scientific form, and free form”.
“The big encyclopedic dictionary” gives a definition essay: “is a genre of philosophical, literary-critical, historical, biographical, journalistic prose that combines emphasized individual author’s position with laid-back, often paradoxical statement, focused on the spoken language”.
“Brief literary encyclopedia” said: “the Essay is a prose composition a small volume and free composition, treating the special topic and represents an attempt to convey the individual experiences and views, one way or another associated with it”.
Some signs of an essay:
as a rule, suggests a new, subjectively colored word about anything, such a product may have a philosophical, historical, biographical, journalistic, literary criticism, popular scientific or purely fictional character.
the contents of the essay are evaluated first author’s personality – his world, thoughts and feelings.
The genre has become popular in recent years. The Creator of the genre is M. Montaigne (“Experiments”, 1580). Today, this genre is offered as the job often enough. It is one of the main components of documents (for admission to school or employment). The essay contest helps from the variety of best choose the best! How the candidate has managed to present itself, as described by their achievements and failures, allows examiners to determine how good are the man for them, whether it experience, opravdat whether he hopes in the future and able to benefit.
Aim an essay consists in development of such skills as an independent
creative thinking and a written statement of own thoughts.
His writing is extremely useful as it allows an author to learn to clearly and correctly formulate ideas, organize information, use the basic concepts to allocate causal relationships, to illustrate the experience of relevant examples to argue their conclusions. For job seekers, for example, the actual topic of the essay is “me and my career”. This theme enables the Commission to easily assess the features of your thinking, creativity, enthusiasm and potential. The best way to achieve a good result – to write frankly and openly, while remaining honest with ourselves. If you are honest, there is every chance that your essay will consider unnatural.
The structure and layout of essays
Structure is determined by the requirements:
- the author’s thoughts on the issue are set out in the form of a brief abstract (T);
- the idea must be backed by evidence, so the thesis
- followed by arguments (A).
Arguments are facts, phenomena of social life, events, life situations and life experiences, scientific evidence, reference to the opinion of scientists, etc. it is Better to give two arguments in favor of each thesis, one argument seems unconvincing, three arguments can”overload” the statement, made in the genre, focused on brevity and imagery.
Thus, the essay takes on a ring structure (the number of theses and arguments depends on the topic, the chosen plan, the logic of development of thought):
Introduction and conclusion should focus on the problem (in the introduction it is put, the conclusion summarizes the author’s opinion).
It is necessary to designate paragraphs, break lines, establishing logical connection of paragraphs: this is the integrity of the work.
Style: emotionality, expressiveness, artistry. Experts believe that proper effect provide short, simple, varied according to the tone of the proposal, the skillful use of “most modern” punctuation – dashes. However, the style reflects the characteristics of the individual, it is also useful to remember.
Before you begin writing, pay attention to the following questions. The answers will allow you to more clearly define what is to write:
Affecting their personal quality or ability, ask yourself:
differ if I one way or another as from those whom I know?
– what is evident is the quality?
About activities you were doing (doing):
what made me to do this activity?
why I continued(u) to do this?
On every event your life, which you mentioned:
– why I remember this event?
– if it made any difference for me as a person?
– how do I react to that?
– was it a revelation for me; what I did not know?
About each person you mentioned:
– why did I call this person?
– do I long to be like him?
– what are his qualities I admire?
whether what he said is something that I will remember for a lifetime?
– if I had revised their views?
About each of your preferences and what you do not like:
– why do I like it or not like it?
– did this circumstance greatly on my life?
– what useful information I learned from this situation?
– literary criticism;
Finally, the proposed classification into two large groups:
where the main element is the disclosure of one party or another author’s personality;
objective, where personal principle is subject to the subject description or any idea.
An essay by the applicant on a specific topic belongs to the second group.
A small amount
Any hard borders, of course, does not exist. Volume – from three to seven pages of computer text. For example, in Harvard business school essays are often written only on two pages. In Russian universities Pets up to ten volume of pages, however, typewritten text.
The specific topic and emphasized subjective interpretation
The essay topic is always concrete. It cannot contain a lot of topics or ideas (thoughts), and reflects only one option, one thought. And develops it. This is the answer to one question.
Free composition is an important feature of the genre
The researchers note that essay on nature is arranged so that tolerates no formal framework. It is often built against the laws of logic, is subject to arbitrary associations, guided by the principle of “opposite”.
The ease of the narrative
The author of such work, it is important to establish a trusting style of communication with the reader; to be understood, he deliberately avoids the complicated, unclear, overly strict builds. The researchers note that a good essay can write only one who is fluent in the subject, sees it from different sides, and ready to present to the reader not exhaustive, but a multidimensional view of the phenomenon that became the starting point of his reflection.
A penchant for paradox
Internal semantic unity
It is important to determine (to understand) the topic, desired scope and purpose of each paragraph.
Start with a main idea or a bright phrase. Task – to immediately capture the attention of the reader (listener). Here is often used a comparative allegory, when an unexpected fact or event is associated with the main topic.